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Otto Fuchs

Otto Fuchs

Principal

"[MICA] has an important mission to fulfill, which is to teach young [artists] the underlying principles of true art and originality in their ideas they need to make them producers, and not merely copying machines."

"The world moves on continually. We cannot stand still."

1884-1906
Principal Otto Fuchs instituted a uniform grading system and created the forerunner of the College's major and concentration academic system, where students choose to focus on selected areas of study. He is credited with establishing the roots of MICA's contemporary foundation program which teaches new students the fundamentals of art and design professions. During Fuchs tenure, enrollment quadrupled and the first continuing studies classes began. In 1891, the first African-American students enrolled at the College, though due to public pressure they would also be the last until after the Brown vs. Board of Education decision in 1954. The Rinehart School of Sculpture, the first of its kind in America, was established in 1896. Towards the end of his administration, he published a book on mechanical drawing. After the Great Baltimore Fire destroyed the Center Market Building where the College was then located, Fuchs and board head John Carter presided over the College's relocation to Mount Royal Avenue and the start of construction on the Main Building.

Image credit: photograph by Joseph Hyde.