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Rubrics

A rubric is a scoring tool that is used as a method for assessment when evaluating student achievement of an outcome, an assignment, or other learning goal. Rubrics identify specific objectives for a learning outcome or assignment and define in writing performance criteria for each objective. When shared with students, a rubric provides a guideline for different levels of performance and can help students understand where they are in the development of their work.

Effective rubrics:

  • promote clarity, transparency, and accountability 
  • clearly define criteria for evaluating student performance 
  • promote more consistent evaluation of student performance
  • provide specific feedback to students
  • help students focus on the important dimensions of a product or performance

There are two general types of rubrics- analytic and holistic. An analytic rubric is typically organized in the form of a matrix and describes specific criteria on a performance scale. Analytic rubrics divide a product or performance into distinct traits or dimensions and each receives its own score.

A holistic rubric provides an overall impression of a student's work and yields a single score or rating for a product or performance.

When shared with students, a rubric provides a guideline for different levels of performance and can help students understand where they are in the development of their work.

Anchoring the Rubric

Anchoring the rubric is a process that tests the rubric itself and evaluates if the criteria, categories and descriptions of the rubric accurately reflect what the rubric is intended to measure. To anchor a rubric, review at least 2 examples of student work from each level (or category) and evaluate if the rubric descriptions fairly and accurately describe the four levels of achievement. The student work used for anchoring should be different from the work planned for assessment. Results of this process often lead to updates in the descriptions of the rubric itself.

Norming the Rubric

Norming the rubric is a process that allows the scorers to review and discuss the rubric in order to ensure they are using the same criteria and interpretation of the rubric in their scoring. To norm the rubric, gather those who will be scoring together and use a rubric to score a student work. Discuss how each scorer applies the rubric and scores the work. This process  should result in consistent interpretation and application of rubric among the scorers. The student work used for norming should be different from the work planned for assessment.


Rubric Structure

Step-by-Step Guide for Building a Rubric

Rubric Examples

Developing Rubrics Presentation (Assessment Workshop 11/30/16)

This page was last updated on 01/19/2017.